War and Peace in Somalia: National Grievances, Local Conflict and Al-Shabaab Paperback – March 1, 2019
by Michael Keating (Editor), Matt Waldman (Editor)
For the last thirty years Somalia has experienced violence and upheaval. Today, the international effort to help Somalis build a federal state and achieve stability is challenged by deep-rooted grievances, local conflicts and a powerful insurgency led by Al-Shabaab.
Consisting of forty-four chapters by conflict resolution specialists and the world’s leading experts on Somalia, this volume constitutes a unique compendium of insights into the insurgency and its impact. War and Peace in Somalia explores the legacies of past violence, especially impunity, illegitimacy and exclusion, and the need for national reconciliation. Drawing on decades of experience and months of field research, the contributors throw light on diverse forms of local conflict, its interrelated causes, and what can be done about it. They share original research on the role of women, men and youth in the conflict, and present new insight into Al-Shabaab–particularly the group’s multi-dimensional strategy, the motivations of its fighters, their foreign links, and the prospects for engagement.
This ground-breaking volume illuminates the war in Somalia, and sets out what can and should be done to bring it to an end. For policymakers and researchers covering Somalia, East Africa, extremism or conflict resolution, this is a must-read.
• Paperback: 480 pages
• Publisher: Oxford University Press (March 1, 2019)
• Language: English
• ISBN-10: 0190947918
• ISBN-13: 978-0190947910
Targeting Top Terrorists: Understanding Leadership Removal in Counterterrorism Strategy (Columbia Studies in Terrorism and Irregular Warfare) Paperback – December 18, 2018
by Lt. Col. Bryan C. Price (Author)
When President Barack Obama announced the assassination of Osama bin Laden, many Americans hoped the killing of al-Qaida’s leader would sound the death knell for the organization. Since 9/11, killing and capturing terrorist leaders has been a central element in U.S. counterterrorism strategy. This practice, known as leadership decapitation, is based on the logic that removing key figures will disrupt the organization and contribute to its ultimate failure. Yet many scholars have argued that targeted killings are ineffective or counterproductive, questioning whether taking out a terror network’s leaders causes more problems than it solves.
In Targeting Top Terrorists, Bryan C. Price offers a rich, data-driven examination of leadership decapitation tactics, providing theoretical and empirical explanations of the conditions under which they can be successful. Analyzing hundreds of cases of leadership turnover from over two hundred terrorist groups, Price demonstrates that although the tactic may result in short-term negative side effects, the loss of top leaders significantly reduces terror groups’ life spans. He explains vital questions such as: What factors make some terrorist groups more vulnerable than others? Is it better to kill or capture terrorist leaders? How does leadership decapitation compare to other counterterrorism options? With compelling evidence based on an original dataset along with an in-depth case study of Hamas, Targeting Top Terrorists contributes to scholarship on terrorism and organizational theory and provides insights for policy makers and practitioners on some of the most pressing debates in the field.
• Series: Columbia Studies in Terrorism and Irregular Warfare
• Paperback: 288 pages
• Publisher: Columbia University Press (January 8, 2019)
• Language: English
• ISBN-10: 0231188234
• ISBN-13: 978-0231188234
Syria: From National Independence to Proxy War 1st ed. 2019 Edition
by Linda Matar (Editor), Ali Kadri (Editor)
This edited collection aims to analytically reconceptualise the Syrian crisis by examining how and why the country has moved from a stable to a war-torn society. It is written by scholars from a variety of disciplinary backgrounds, all of whom make no attempt to speculate on the future trajectory of the conflict, but aim instead to examine the historical background that has laid the objective conditions for Syria’s descent to its current situation. Their work represents an attempt to dissect the multi-layered foundation of the Syrian conflict and to make understanding its complex inner workings accessible to a broader readership. The book is divided into four parts, each of which elaborates on the origins and dynamics of today’s crisis from the perspective of a different discipline. When put together, the four parts provide a holistic picture of Syria’s developmental trajectory from the early twentieth century through to the present day. Themes addressed include Syria’s postcolonial development efforts, its leap into socialism and then into neoliberalism in the late twentieth century, its politics within the resistance front, and finally its food and health security concerns.
• Hardcover: 296 pages
• Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan; 1st ed. 2019 edition (October 9, 2018)
• Language: English
• ISBN-10: 3319984578
• ISBN-13: 978-331998457
Hezbollah: Socialisation and its Tragic Ironies Paperback – January 1, 2019
by Adham Saouli (Author)
What drives Hezbollah’s political behaviour? For three decades we believed that the impetus of establishing an Islamic state in Lebanon was its main goal. This book disagrees. Drawn from over fifteen years of research, it traces Hezbollah’s political trajectory, or socialisation process, from its birth in 1982 to 2017. It identifies the religio-political identity and doctrine that inspire Hezbollah and the politico-strategic goals that motivate it. It argues that war-making with Israel has driven Hezbollah’s socialisation in Lebanon and the region, transforming the Islamist movement from a loose organization into one of the world’s most powerful and sophisticated armed political movements.
• Paperback: 224 pages
• Publisher: Edinburgh University Press (February 1, 2019)
• Language: English
• ISBN-10: 1474419518
• ISBN-13: 978-1474419512
The Oxford Handbook of Terrorism
by Erica Chenoweth (Editor), Richard English (Editor), Andreas Gofas (Editor), Stathis N. Kalyvas (Editor)
The Oxford Handbook of Terrorism systematically integrates the substantial body of scholarship on terrorism and counterterrorism before and after 9/11. In doing so, it introduces scholars and practitioners to state of the art approaches, methods, and issues in studying and teaching these vital phenomena. This Handbook goes further than most existing collections by giving structure and direction to the fast-growing but somewhat disjointed field of terrorism studies.
The volume locates terrorism within the wider spectrum of political violence instead of engaging in the widespread tendency towards treating terrorism as an exceptional act. Moreover, the volume makes a case for studying terrorism within its socio-historical context. Finally, the volume addresses the critique that the study of terrorism suffers from lack of theory by reviewing and extending the theoretical insights contributed by several fields – including political science, political economy, history, sociology, anthropology, criminology, law, geography, and psychology. In doing so, the volume showcases the analytical advancements and reflects on the challenges that remain since the emergence of the field in the early 1970s.
Erica Chenoweth is a Professor of Public Policy at the Harvard Kennedy School and, beginning in 2019, the Susan S. and Kenneth L. Wallach Professor at the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University. Foreign Policy magazine ranked her among the Top 100 Global Thinkers of 2013 for her work to advance the empirical study of civil resistance. Her book, Why Civil Resistance Works(Columbia University Press, 2011) with Maria J. Stephan, also won the 2013 Grawemeyer Award for Ideas Improving World Order. Chenoweth has authored or edited five books and dozens of articles on political violence and its alternatives. She earned a PhD and an MA from the University of Colorado and a BA from the University of Dayton.
Richard English is Professor of Politics at Queen’s University Belfast, where he is also Distinguished Professorial Fellow in the Senator George J. Mitchell Institute for Global Peace, Security, and Justice. He is the author of eight books, including the award-winning studies Armed Struggle: The History of the IRA (2003) and Irish Freedom: The History of Nationalism in Ireland (2006). He is a Fellow of the British Academy, a Member of the Royal Irish Academy, a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, a Fellow of the Royal Historical Society, an Honorary Fellow of Keble College Oxford, and an Honorary Professor at the University of St Andrews.
Andreas Gofas is Associate Professor of International Relations at Panteion University of Athens and director of the Center for the Analysis of Terrorism and European Security (CATES) at the European Law and Governance School. His publication include The Sage Handbook of the History, Philosophy, and Sociology of International Relations (co-edited with Inanna Hamati-Ataya and Nicholas Onuf, Sage, 2018), and The Role of Ideas in Political Analysis (co-edited wtih Colin Hay, Routledge, 2012).
Stathis N. Kalyvas is the Gladstone Professor of Government at the Department of Politics and International Relations at the University of Oxford and a fellow of All Souls College. Prior to his appointment at Oxford, he was the Arnold Wolfers Professor of Political Science at Yale University, where he also founded and headed the Program on Order, Conflict and Violence. His publications include Modern Greece: What Everyone Needs to Know (OUP, 2015), and The Logic of Violence in Civil War (CUP, 2006).
• Hardcover: 848 pages
• Publisher: Oxford University Press (May 14, 2019)
• Language: English
• ISBN-10: 0198732910
• ISBN-13: 978-0198732914